This arrangement survived through most of the 17th century. The plaza is paved with red brick, and becomes notoriously slippery during rain.

Basil's Cathedral", "Saint Basil's Cathedral, Moscow 2018 ✮ Church on Red Square", "Sobor Vasilia Blazhennogo – zaschifrovanny obraz pogibshey mecheti (Собор Василия Блаженного – зашифрованный образ погибшей мечети)", "Five Wild Facts about St. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. [112] In the 14th century the city was largely contained within two balancing halves, Kremlin and Kitai-gorod, separated by a marketplace, but by the end of the century it extended further along the north-eastern axis. The common Western translations "Cathedral of Basil the Blessed" and "Saint Basil's Cathedral" incorrectly bestow the status of cathedral on the church of Basil, but are nevertheless widely used even in academic literature.[10]. Tsar Ivan IV marked every victory of the Russo-Kazan War by erecting a wooden memorial church next to the walls of Trinity Church; by the end of his Astrakhan campaign, it was shrouded within a cluster of seven wooden churches. A similar view, this one a video still, refreshed every minute. О Троице на Рву в Москве.

[52] The corridors functioned as internal parvises; the western corridor, adorned with a unique flat caissoned ceiling, doubled as the narthex. Basil thus crowned the decapitated hillock. [28] German influence is indirectly supported by the rusticated pilasters of the central church, a feature more common in contemporary Northern Europe than in Italy. [7][103] At a distance, separate churches towering over their base resembled the towers and churches of a distant citadel rising above the defensive wall. [61], While historians agree on the color of the 16th-century domes, their shape is disputed.

It contains an extraordinary beautiful church, all clad in shiny bright gems, called Jerusalem. [84] In the end, Solovyov and his advisers chose a combination of deep red with deep green that is retained to the present. [39] Nikolay Brunov recognized the influence of these prototypes but not their significance;[40] he suggested that mid-16th century Moscow already had local architects trained in Italian tradition, architectural drawing and perspective, and that this culture was lost during the Time of Troubles. [29] Nevertheless, it is wider and airier than the church in Kolomenskoye with its exceptionally thick walls.

[54] August von Meyerberg's panorama (1661) presents a different building, with a cluster of small onion domes.

[69] The interiors were repaired in 1813 and the exterior in 1816. [43] Russian attitude towards color in the 17th century changed in favor of bright colors; iconographic and mural art experienced an explosive growth in the number of available paints, dyes and their combinations. The Kremlin’s tower-studded, walled complex of domed cathedrals and palaces, which dates to 1156 but occupies a site used for far longer, was the religious center of the Russian Orthodox Church and also the residence of the tsars. [118], Cathedral of the Intercession of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, Собор Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы, что на Рву, A concise English history of the evolution of the church's names is provided in Shvidkovsky 2007 p. 126.