[218] In response to requests by various intelligence agencies, the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court permitted an expansion of powers by the U.S. government in seeking, obtaining, and sharing information on U.S. citizens as well as non-U.S. people from around the world. The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure seriously harmed the economy of New York City and had a significant effect on global markets. [298] The stock exchanges did not open on September 11 and remained closed until September 17. Hailey Read has been a Manhattan based therapist for two years. Additionally, the report found the towers' stairwells were not adequately reinforced to provide adequate emergency escape for people above the impact zones. Approximately one month after the attacks, the United States led a broad coalition of international forces to overthrow the Taliban regime from Afghanistan for their harboring of al-Qaeda.

[199] Ben Sliney, in his first day as the National Operations Manager of the FAA,[200] ordered that American airspace would be closed to all international flights, causing about five hundred flights to be turned back or redirected to other countries. Flight 93's target is believed to have been either the Capitol or the White House. [354][355][356], The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission), chaired by Thomas Kean and Lee H. Hamilton, was formed in late 2002 to prepare a thorough account of the circumstances surrounding the attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks. While Alec Station alerted intelligence agencies worldwide about this fact, it did not share this information with the FBI. The USA Patriot Act gave the federal government greater powers, including the authority to detain foreign terror suspects for a week without charge, to monitor telephone communications, e-mail, and Internet use by terror suspects, and to prosecute suspected terrorists without time restrictions. [229][230][231], The attacks were denounced by mass media and governments worldwide. He admitted his direct link to the attacks and said they were carried out because: we are freeĀ ... and want to regain freedom for our nation. [270], The NATO council declared that the terrorist attacks on the United States were an attack on all NATO nations that satisfied Article 5 of the NATO charter. [202] Police and rescue workers from around the country took a leave of absence from their jobs and traveled to New York City to help recover bodies from the twisted remnants of the Twin Towers. Two particularly important publications were bin Laden's 2002 "Letter to America",[48] and a 2004 videotape by bin Laden. The construction of One World Trade Center began in November 2006, and the building opened in November 2014.

of Cruise and that have other personal connections to her. The U.S. and Canadian civilian airspaces were closed until September 13, while Wall Street was closed until September 17.