“I have fiberglass posts but when I go from a hill to a valley to a hill, then I put wooden posts,” said Lemenager. For others, it’s an opportunity to cut more hay and buy less feed in the winter, maximizing their operation’s efficiency and reducing input costs. He says six isn’t too many when liability is at stake. When we make hay, we like to have plants of uniform growth stage to create consistent quality in the hay crop. Signal to Noise: Is Split Government Good for Agriculture. “Energy intake during the last 60 days of finishing and adequate subcutaneous fat at slaughter are two important factors. 2. They provide ample energy to the grazing animal as soon as the fourth leaf is mature. Assist forage producers in improving profitability and efficiency. The magazine is published monthly with a sizeable portion of articles unique to Canadians. We can address both the bare ground and biodiversity issues by interseeding additional species into our former hayfields. Dr. Ron Lemenager is known as ‘the beef guy,’ and fencing happens to be his specialty. Determine the right number of cattle to keep your pasture in good to excellent condition. He encourages using high-tension wire for even subdivision fences but a barbwire fence can be ideal for sheep and goats. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. Look for round patties with hollowed out centers. One of the laws of nature is as individual plants get larger, there are fewer plants per acre. © 2020, Countryside - All Rights Reserved, nergy intake during the last 60 days of finishing and adequate subcutaneous fat at slaughter are two important factors. This is what leads to us constantly clearing land. Manage all those things well and you’ll achieve the result you’re looking for: increased grass production. Photos courtesy of Dawn Gerrish. Required fields are marked *. A grass-finished product means that the animal ate only grass their whole lives. Boost the nutritional content of your grazing-pasture plants to boost cattle health and get better quality dairy and beef products in return. Just as important as selecting the best cattle breeds for grass-fed beef for the local environment, also select for the best grass to finish cattle. Longer recovery periods also will leave more dead plant litter on the soil surface to help with water infiltration and reducing the evaporative water loss from the soil. In typical hay production, more than 80 percent of the minerals contained in the above-ground portion of the plant are physically removed from that field. (Check all that apply). For example, when pasture is in excellent grazing condition, it may only take three acres to feed one cow per month. In a truly grass-finished animal, the fat is a super food. So when it comes to building a perimeter fence for your livestock, he encourages using six high-tension wires. “The grass and weeds that will grow will wet and sap electricity off the system,” said Lemenager. We have a cow problem (I have trouble saying “no” to baby cows), so there’s never enough grazing room. When it comes to a subdivision fence, a single hot wire can be done, but Lemenager encourages more. You’ll also want to consider other control alternatives that may be available and determine how they might fit into your treatment program. Adjust the stocking rate as needed.

This can be checked (not scientifically) by learning to read manure in the cattle pasture. A lot of those ranchers are learning along the way that their best hayfields don’t necessarily make the best pastures. Let’s start out by thinking about harvest method. You may not notice visible benefits until the following summer. © Copyright 2020 Progressive Cattle. Paige wire may also be used on farms or ranches that run a cow-calf operation, and necessitates use if the producer doesn't want their calves out of the corral. When you’re building a high-tension fence, maybe the most expensive part is the post. Always remember the more you grow above-ground, the more you can afford to waste some grass just to create better soil litter. If the manure is blocky and hard, carbohydrates in the diet are too high. Winners of the 2020 Agricultural Proficiency Awards were named during the 93rd... Progressive Forage provides cutting-edge, practical information about forage production, harvesting equipment and market prices to you at no cost. Monitor how well the stock is metabolizing feed. “Ensure the cattle are smooth looking at slaughter, have adequate fat deposited in the brisket, cod and tail head and are properly handled, slaughtered and chilled,” he said. Create an open forum for industry discussion and an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the forage industry. The cattle are not appreciating in weight gain, and at proper carcass maturity, do not have enough marbling to ensure a quality tasting product,” said Dr. Rowntree. A cattle pasture with high-protein plants will add frame and muscle on calves, but it will not get them to a finished body condition. With more rainfall in the second year, the treated land produced 69 percent more grass than the untreated land (See Figure 1). This timing will ensure the proper balance for a fat-packing diet. “Gameyness” of the beef can be prevented.

That is only a problem with mechanical harvest. In the spring, alfalfa really wants to grow, so it is very competitive and it can be difficult to get new grass seedlings started under a heavy alfalfa canopy. Maintain the appropriate stocking rate.

This is why it is so important to closely monitor calving, routinely check cattle, and move cow-calf pairs to fresh pasture soon after calving. All these options allow you to operate with greater efficiency and improved profit potential. In contrast, we like to see a variation in the maturity of forage species in a pasture because it spreads out the quality grazing opportunity. Build a “Bud Box” to Make Livestock Handling a Breeze By Rick Machen and Ron Gill / April 14, 2014 / Comments Off on Build a “Bud Box” to Make Livestock Handling a Breeze The term “Bud Box” describes the kind of handling facility preferred by low-stress livestock handling expert Bud Williams. Powered by MachineryPete.com,search listings from dealersacross the country. This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and consistently provides compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. Even with the record-high cattle prices of 2014, in inflation-adjusted dollars beef is worth only about two-thirds of what it was in 1973, while our most common inputs have far outraced the general rate of inflation. Monitor grazing. With paws almost... There’s a lot I like about fall. PHOTOSPHOTO 1: With equipment and other input costs steadily rising, more producers are converting from mechanical hay harvest to livestock-grazing harvest. Where do I start?Making your pastures work harder takes a systems approach that includes grazing management, balanced fertility levels, adequate weed control and control of other pests that can hurt grass production. We realized early on that if we want to reach more customers, we need to be sure the customers we have are enjoying our product and that starts with them knowing or learning how to best prepare it,” Joe Bertotti said. With grazing, more than 90 percent of the minerals contained in the grazed portion of the plants are returned to the field as dung and urine. Common complaints of grass-finished beef are that it has a gamey flavor, is tough and dry. However, when the same pasture condition is poor, every cow will need 15 acres. “It’s going to cost me about $2.25 per foot of wire, where a woven wire with a barb on top, I’m going to have a $1.80 a foot and I have the barb on top of that,” said Lemenager. for the local environment, also select for the best grass to finish cattle. While these are not easy decisions to make, they are sometimes necessary. Adjust the diet by supplementing with high-protein feed, such as alfalfa hay. It is very high in omega-6 fatty acids. Here are seven ways you can make your cattle pasture healthier: 1. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0804010692/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0804010692&linkCode=as2&tag=reformationacres01-20&linkId=7PXSQZTUXTIOEX5H. By taking the time to manage your acres properly from the beginning, you’ll reap long-term benefits for years to come.

More available grass per acre also can increase calf weaning rates or make earlier weaning possible and allow producers to take advantage of beneficial price points in the seasonal market. As with the human diet, animals must have high quality, nutritious and a diverse offering of forage including grasses, legumes, and forbs,” Lemke said. If there are signs of acute mineral deficiencies, you may want to apply the deficient micro-minerals directly to the soil. In drier Western environments, it may be the low-lying hay meadows that get adequate moisture and are more likely to provide a positive return on your crop nutrient investment. Age of the animal matters too. The three challenges we need to tackle when converting hayfields to pasture are increasing biodiversity, increasing ground cover as both living plants and litter, and getting the soil back to a well-mineralized status. 5. Later in the year, if cattle are finishing in the height of summer, consider planting warm season annuals such as grazing corn, sorghum, sudangrass or legumes that will maintain throughout the summer heat. “People generally don’t recognize that grass fed beef needs to be cooked a certain way.

What made economic sense 30 or 40 years ago just doesn’t work today because input costs have increased at four to five times more than the value of product. Stay informed with daily content from across Farm Journal's properties. In a conventionally finished, or high-energy concentrate finished animal (fed grain or corn), it is full of pro-inflammatory fatty acids. These timely themes deliver information relevant to forage producers and other forage professionals to help them be more successful and profitable in their areas of operation. Building Placeable cow pasture / dairy farm v1.0.0.1. All editorial content for Progressive Forage is driven by one primary goal – to provide informational resources that ensure success for forage producers. Monitor grazing. Any cow-calf producer will tell you, maintaining a durable livestock fence can be difficult, especially one on a budget. Our steers average around 1250 pounds with a 650-pound carcass.”, Common complaints of grass-finished beef are that it has a gamey flavor, is tough and dry. Depending on particular local adaptation, we may also include birdsfoot trefoil, strawberry clover or annual lespedeza. Originally published in Countryside July/August 2017 and regularly vetted for accuracy. Our final need is re-mineralizing the soil. Abbey also serves as the Savory Global Network Coordinator for the Savory Institute.

Your email address will not be published. Just feeding your livestock either a complete mineral mix or using a cafeteria free-choice program will put a full range of micro-minerals back out on the soil simply because most of those supplemental minerals cattle are consuming are coming right on out of the back end of them and enriching the soil. The ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids is unbalanced in grain-finished beef. The huge, yellow machine quickly scooped out a natural depression along an old fence row. Time the grazing so that optimum fat and flavor can be part of the beef product. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Start by determining the level of “decreaser” grass species. He puts in posts every 35 to 40 feet, depending on how much pressure is in the area. These are typically more desirable, tall grasses that can decline under excessive grazing pressure. Cattle eating a balanced ration that their stomach biology is adapted to will produce manure that is moist and well-digested. Keeping weeds under control will help you avoid the need for restoration tactics, which involve removing undesirable weeds and replacing them with desirable species. Then follow proper application rates, procedures and timing to achieve maximum benefits. Hayfields tend to have a lower plant density than do properly managed pastures.