Unlike the biblical narratives, the Protevangelium expands the story with several tangents about John and his family. [25] Joachim Jeremias, Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1969), 198–206. Third, the Protevangelium disregards the passage of time between the Lucan and Matthean accounts.

[4] Unlike the organization during the Second Temple period, during the First Temple period, the office of high priest was usually hereditary and held for life (see Leviticus 22:2–3). Today, we can see with our own eyes that Zechariah's prophecies accurately described the worldwide dispersion of Jews that has taken place during the past 1900 years, as well as the fact that Jerusalem has become a focal point of the international community (the United States and Europe, and the United Nations) and a religious focal point among Jews, Christians and Moslems. I checked WorldCat and found 120 copies of the 1820 edition still available in libraries across the nation, from Harvard to Stanford. Zechariah’s parents saved the then infant King Joash from political overthrow and secretly raised him in the temple for six years. .The priests consulted as to whom they should put in his place; and the lot fell upon Simeon. According this account, Zechariah, knowing about Mary’s Virgin Birth of Christ, refused to remove Mary from praying in the place in the temple area reserved for virgins. In the Bible, he is the father of John the Baptist, a priest of the sons of Aaron in the Gospel of Luke (1:67-79), and the husband of Elizabeth who is a relative of the Virgin Mary (Luke, 1:36). An author or editor confused two famous Old Testament Zechariahs and accidentally gave the paternity of the minor prophet, “Zechariah, the son of Berechiah” (Zechariah 1:1), to the high priest “Zechariah son of Jehoiada” (2 Chronicles 24:20), who was “stoned .

. . He uses the same word, apollumi (“destroy”), in Matthew 2:13 as he does in Matthew 27:20: compare “Herod will seek the young child to destroy him” (2:13; emphasis added) with “But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus” (27:20; emphasis added).

According to this apocryphal writing, King Herod was searching for John the Baptist and sent guards to Zechariah to find out where he was.

According to Schneemelcher’s analysis, later versions of the Protevangelium developed a story which further misconstrued the identity of the Zacharias in Matthew 23:35. [33] The Protevangelium of James focuses on the perpetual virginity of Mary and the immaculate conception of Mary, which freed her from original sin. Read the latest local Detroit Catholic News in your inbox. Zechariah showed forth his belief in the temple area by attesting to the truth and through his martyrdom spoke out loudly about his faith. Fifth, the Protevangelium connects the “devout Simeon” from the temple scene in Luke 2:25, 34, with Zacharias. 801-422-6975, Ninth Century BC—Zechariah, High Priest, Son of Jehoiada, Sixth Century BC—Zechariah, Minor Prophet, Son of Berechiah, First Century AD—Zacharias, Father of John the Baptist, Other Christian and Muslim Legends of Zacharias, Matthews, “John the Baptist, A Burning and a Shining Light. [28] The apocryphal version ignores that timing. Other early Christians also wondered what happened to John the Baptist’s father, Zacharias, but they related different answers. Jay M. Todd, “Our New Light on Jesus’ Mortal Life and Teachings: John the Baptist’s Palestinian Ministry,” Ensign, January 1995, 33; Richard D. Draper, The Savior’s Prophecies: From the Fall of Jerusalem to the Second Coming (American Fork, UT: Covenant, 2001), 21. He asked for a writing tablet and wrote, "His name is John."

[9] See Raymond Brown, The Birth of the Messiah, 3rd ed.