18 OF 2003 [5th February, 2003.]

An Act to provide for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources, knowledge and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. 57. (a) "benefit claimers" means the conservers of biological resources, their byproducts, creators and holders of knowledge and information relating to the use of such biological resources, innovations and practices associated with such use and application; (b) "biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecological complexes of which they are part, and includes diversity within species or between species and of eco-systems; (c) "biological resources" means plants, animals and micro-organisms or parts thereof, their genetic material and by-products (excluding value added products) with actual or potential use or value, but does not include human genetic material; (d) "bio-survey and bio-utilization" means survey or collection of species, subspecies, genes, components and extracts of biological resource for any purpose and includes characterization, inventorisation and bioassay; (e) "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the National Biodiversity Authority or, as the case may be, of the State Biodiversity Board; (f) "commercial utilization" means end uses of biological resources for commercial utilization such as drugs, industrial enzymes, food flavours, fragrance, cosmetics, emulsifiers, oleoresins, colours, extracts and genes used for improving crops and livestock through genetic intervention, but does not include conventional breeding or traditional practices in use in any agriculture, horticulture, poultry, dairy farming, animal husbandry or bee keeping; (g) "fair and equitable benefit sharing" means sharing of benefits as determined by the National Biodiversity Authority under section 2 1; (h) "local bodies" means Panchayats and Municipalities, by whatever name called, within the meaning of clause (1) of article 243B and clause (1) of article 243Q of the Constitution and in the absence of any Panchayats or Municipalities, institutions of self-government constituted under any other provision of the Constitution or any Central Act or State Act; (i) "member" means a member of the National Biodiversity Authority or a State Biodiversity Board and includes the Chairperson; (j) "National Biodiversity Authority" means the National Biodiversity Authority established under section 8; (k) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made 1 under this Act; (l) "regulations" means regulations made under this Act; (m) "research" means study or systematic investigation of any biological resource or technological application, that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof to make or modify products or processes for any use; (n) "State Biodiversity Board" means the State Biodiversity Board established under section 22; (o) "sustainable use" means the use of components of biological diversity in such manner and at such rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of the biological diversity thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations; (p) "value added products" means products which may contain portions or extracts of plants and animals in unrecognizable and physically inseparable form. Constitution or any Central Act or State Act; i. Rams… Prior intimation to State Biodiversity Board for obtaining biological resource for certain purposes.- No person, who is a citizen of India or a body corporate, association or organization which is registered in India, shall obtain any biological resource for commercial utilization, or bio-survey and bio-utilization for commercial utilization except after giving prior intimation to the State Biodiversity Board concerned: Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply to the local people and communities of the area, including growers and cultivators of biodiversity, and vaids and hakims, who have been practicing indigenous medicine. (3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint: Provided that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision. section 22; o. Preamble.- An Act to provide for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources, knowledge and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. (4) The National Biodiversity Authority shall consist of the following members. (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence or contravention under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence or contravention has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to, any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of the offence or contravention and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly. genes, components and extracts of biological resource for any purpose and established under section 8; k.  

Offences to be cognizable and non-bailable.- The offences under this Act shall be cognizable and non-bailable. Settlement of disputes between State Biodiversity Boards.- (1) If a dispute arises between the National Biodiversity Authority and a State Biodiversity Board, the said Authority or the Board, as the case may be, may prefer an appeal to the Central Government within such time as ma be prescribed. and at such rate that does not lead to the long-term decline of the biological "commercial 53. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002. added products" means products which may contain portions or extracts of "local NOIDA Office:- Suite No. Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Biological Diversity Act, 2002. (5) While adjudicating any dispute under sub-section (4), the National Biodiversity Authority shall be guided by the principles of natural justice and shall follow such procedure as may be prescribed by the Central Government. (2) Any person who intends to apply for a patent or any other form of intellectual property protection whether in India or outside India referred to in sub-section (1) of section 6, may make an application in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed to the National Biodiversity Authority. Establishment of National Biodiversity Authority.- (1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, there shall be established by the Central Government for the purposes of this Act, a body to be called the National Biodiversity Authority. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002. THE BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ACT, 2002 ACT NO. CHAPTER III: National Biodiversity Authority.

For further information, please contact: cosmetics, emulsifiers, oleoresins, colours, extracts and genes used for (a) "cultivar" means a variety of plant that has originated and persisted under cultivation or was specifically bred for the purpose of cultivation; (b) "folk variety" means a cultivated variety of plant that was developed, grown and exchanged informally among farmers; (c) “landrace” means primitive cultivar that was grown by ancient farmers and their successors. Explanation- For the purposes of this sub-section, "agro-biodiversity" means biological diversity, of agriculture related species and their wild relatives. the context otherwise requires,-. "biological BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:–. the National Biodiversity Authority under section 21; h.   "value

4. (2) The National Biodiversity Authority and the State Biodiversity Boards shall consult the Biodiversity Management Committees while taking any decision relating to the use of biological resources and knowledge associated with such resources occurring within the territorial jurisdiction of the Biodiversity Management Committee.

within the meaning of clause (1) of article 243B and clause (1) of article 243Q Biodiversity Authority" means the National Biodiversity Authority Appeal.- Any person, aggrieved by any determination of benefit sharing or order of the National Biodiversity Authority or a State Biodiversity Board under this Act, may file an appeal to t ' he High Court within thirty days from the date of communication to him, of the determination or order of the National Biodiversity Authority or the State Biodiversity Board, as the case may be: Provided that the High Court may, if it is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal-within the said period, allow it to be filed within a further period not exceeding sixty days. and equitable benefit sharing" means sharing of benefits as determined by 7. (3) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any person making an application for any right under any law relating to protection of plant varieties enacted by Parliament. "National CHAPTER II: Regulation of Access to Biological Diversity. actual or potential use or value, but does not include human genetic material; d.   50. This paper summarizes the main features of India's Biological Diversity Act 2002 (BD Act) and its role in biodiversity conservation in the country. (3) The Biodiversity Management Committees may levy charges by way of collection fees from any person for accessing or collecting any biological resource for commercial purposes from areas falling within its territorial jurisdiction.

plants and animals in unrecognizable and physically inseparable form. of present and future generations; p.   56. Penalty for contravention of directions or orders of Central government, State government, National Biodiversity Authority and State Biodiversity Boards.- If any person contravenes any direction given or order made by the Central Government, the State Government, the National Biodiversity Authority or the State Biodiversity Board for which no punishment has been separately provided under this Act, he shall be punished with a fine which may extend to one lakh rupees and in case of a second or subsequent offence, with fine which may extend to two lakh rupees and in the case of continuous contravention with additional fine which may extend to two lakh rupees everyday during which the default continues. (4) If a dispute arises between the State Biodiversity Boards, the Central Government shall refer the same to the National Biodiversity Authority. Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, "transfer" does not include publication of research papers or dissemination of knowledge in any seminar or workshop, if such publication is as per the guidelines issued by the Central Government. "fair Functions and powers of National Biodiversity Authority.- (1) It shall be the duty of the National Biodiversity Authority to regulate activities referred to in sections 3, 4 and 6 and by regulations issue guidelines for access to biological resources and for fair and equitable benefit sharing. 58.