All the works were written between 1578 and his death in 1591. John moved from the first community to set up a new community at Pastrana in October 1570, and then a further community at Alcalá de Henares, as a house for the academic training of the friars. He was mentored by and corresponded with the older Carmelite, Teresa of Ávila.Both his poetry and his studies on the development of the soul are considered the summit of mystical Spanish literature and among the greatest works of all Spanish literature.He was canonized and declared Doctor of the Church by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726. They could assist religious superiors in the discharge of their office, and could delegate superiors between the Dominican or Carmelite orders.

Except when rarely permitted an oil lamp, he had to stand on a bench to read his breviary by the light through the hole into the adjoining room.

The answers might be as varied as the question sure to come. Keyword searches may also use the operators The numerical divisions in the work, still used by modern editions of the text, were introduced by Salablanca (they were not in John's original writings) in order to help make the work more manageable for the reader. At fourteen, John took a job caring for hospital patients who suffered from incurable diseases and madness. [8] John's father died in 1545, while John was still only around three years old. In John's time they included the influences of Thomas Aquinas, of Scotus and of Durandus. John left us many books of practical advice on spiritual growth and prayer that are just as relevant today as they were then.

While at El Calvario he composed the first version of his commentary on his poem, The Spiritual Canticle, possibly at the request of the nuns in Beas.

That measure was not immediately enforced.

[16] She immediately talked to him about her reformation projects for the Order: she was seeking to restore the purity of the Carmelite Order by reverting to the observance of its "Primitive Rule" of 1209, which had been relaxed by Pope Eugene IV in 1432.

[50], However, a strong argument can also be made for contemporary Spanish literary influences on John. [18] There was also an injunction against wearing covered shoes (also previously mitigated in 1432). At fourteen, John took a job caring for hospital patients who suffered from incurable diseases and madness.

Luis Girón-Negrón, 'Dionysian thought in sixteenth-century Spanish mystical theology'. [44] In the first biography of John, published in 1628, it is claimed, on the basis of information from John's fellow students, that he in 1567 made a special study of mystical writers, in particular of Pseudo-Dionysius and Pope Gregory I. [citation needed], The years 1575–77 saw a great increase in tensions among Spanish Carmelite friars over the reforms of Teresa and John. [10], The Ascent of Mount Carmel is a more systematic study of the ascetical endeavour of a soul seeking perfect union with God and the mystical events encountered along the way. [36] The Church of England commemorates him as a "Teacher of the Faith" on the same date.

[10] In 1574, John accompanied Teresa for the foundation of a new religious community in Segovia, returning to Ávila after staying there a week.