Is it better to think of words quickly or put off using words? While Orwell goes after ugly language and presents a close examination of stale imagery and dead metaphors, his main target seems to be elevated, pretentious and abstract language. Why do politicians use different phrases from what they mean? Which country contains the largest English-speaking population in the world? Quiz .

endstream endobj 158 0 obj <. Through many examples he explains the power of language and how it is controlled by small things, like word diction and simplicity.

Brain Pickings has a free Sunday digest of the week's most interesting and inspiring articles across art, science, philosophy, creativity, children's books, and other strands of our search for truth, beauty, and meaning. Some metaphors now current have been twisted out of their original meaning without those who use them even being aware of the fact. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Orwells Thesis is that political language is watering down the english language, and when thoughts water down language, language then further recedes the quality and depth of your thoughts, causing an exponential recession in overall intelligence and communication abilities. Politics and the English Language: Questions on Rhetoric and Style. Identify Orwell's thesis and then write it in your own words. Does Orwell feel that this corrosion can be fixed or reversed? How does Zephaniah use language and structure in "Young and Dyslexic" to portray his struggle? Defenseless villages are bombarded from the air, then happenings driven out to the countryside and the hats are set on fire. Orwell says that the metaphors are “worn-out”, or lack originality and effectiveness. Paraphrase that assumption in a single sentence. If a politician delivers a speech he has made many times, what happens to him? Orwell's analogy of the cause and effect of alcohol abuse to the demise of language in paragraph two is effective because It shows a chain reaction, in which the person is drinking alcohol hopes to demolish their problems but actually ends up creating more.

What are the two common faults? © copyright 2003-2020 Orwell's thesis is both stated and implied. Lynch, Molly. %%EOF ", 3)Never use a long word where a short one will do. Analyze this statement. That would be white society in general. They save ppl the trouble of inventing phrases for themselves. In 1946, the time that Orwell is writing his essay, the poor use of English was feeding into the poor thinking of particular partisan politics. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} he could have used his own advice and cut some words out. Politics and the English Language essays are academic essays for citation.

When the general atmosphere is bad, language must suffer." What is it called? Not affiliated with Harvard College. What connections does the author make between politics and the English language? Create your account to access this entire worksheet, A Premium account gives you access to all lesson, practice exams, quizzes & worksheets, Common Core History & Social Studies Grades 11-12: Literacy Standards, Informational Texts Examples for CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH11-12.10. They show some of the mental vices we suffer from, They are used without knowing their meaning, incompatible metaphors are frequently mixed, and they have been changed of their original meaning. When you think of a concrete object, you think wordlessly and try to find the exact words to describe it, but when you think of an abstract object, you are inclined to use words form the start and the dialect will come rushing in. Like? —. The organization of this essay is coherent with a lengthy gradual build. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. George Orwell’s “Politics and the English Language” THE FACTS 1. 2. : “phrases tacked together like the sections of a prefabricated henhouse.” ; compares phrases to sections of a prefabricated henhouse; effective because it creates a vivid picture and is comical. 1. He begins by getting his point across then elaborates on how a writer can achieve certain objectives while simultaneously telling them what not to do. Orwell establishes credibility by using examples and metaphors. 178 0 obj <>stream But the defenders of every regime think it is a democracy and fear they would have to stop using that word if it were tied down to one meaning. Bad habits spread through imitation and can be avoided if if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. : “[T]he writer knows more or less what he wants to say, but an accumulation of stale phrases chokes him like tea leaves blocking a sink.” compares stale phrases to tea leaves; effective due to its originality and does a nice job of translating the writer's inability to effectively communicate because of his gaudy metaphors. The passages he quotes have their own faults, but share two common faults.

Silly phrases, such as explore every avenue and leave no stone unturned, have disappeared by... Owing the conscious action of a minority (not evolution). What is common between all political dialects? Need to cancel a recurring donation? �RwW����A�b``D'�3��0 �� Discuss. Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent down roads with no more than they can carry. The author is not interested in what he is saying, Examples of metaphors that have been twisted out of their original meaning, a block with a hard surface on which another object is struck, Ring the charges on, fishing in troubled waters, Achilles heel, hotbed, on the order of the day. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Except for ___, there is no real need for any of the hundreds of foreign phrases now current in the English language.