Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta.
In Sparta, full citizens were forbidden from doing manual labor, and this meant that nearly all of Sparta’s food supply depended on the forced labor of these helots, many of whom were the subjects or descendants of cities on the Peloponnese conquered by Sparta.
At the end of 411 the rebuilt Athenian navy, fresh from several victories, acted to restore democratic rule. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu.
All rights reserved. In the following years their respective blocs observed an uneasy peace.
Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the meantime (430–429), the Spartans attacked Athenian bases in western Greece but were repulsed. On this famously scenic peninsula, Byzantines, Ottomans, Spartans and others once ruled the day. In the next few years the Athenians took the offensive.
The next 11 years made up the war’s second period of fighting. You’ll rule the splendid bike routes amid sweeping coastal and mountain vistas. The decisive event was the catastrophe suffered by the Athenians in Sicily. Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war.
Sparta is among the most significant cities of southern Peloponnese.
Sparta is located below the majestic tops of mount Taygetos and at the northern part of river Evrotas. An overview of ancient Greek civilization. Peloponnese Peloponnese is a peninsula in southern Greece.Originally a peninsula connected to the rest of the country by the Isthmus of Corinth, it is now cut off from the mainland by the narrow Corinth Canal, spanned by bridges connecting Peloponnese to Attica across the canal. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This set the stage for Cleon’s rival Nicias to persuade the Athenians to accept the Spartans’ offer of peace. The prefectures' largest part of ctus and oil production is concentrated in the areas of Sparta and Gytheion ran by Evrotas. more. However, the democratic leaders refused Spartan peace offerings, and the war continued at sea with the Spartan and Athenian fleets trading costly victories. Pericles declined to engage the superior allied forces and instead urged the Athenians to keep to their city and make full use of their naval superiority by harassing their enemies’ coasts and shipping. Omissions? What are the top attractions to visit in Sparta? The next year, starved by an impenetrable blockade, Athens capitulated. The years of fighting that followed can be divided into two periods, separated by a truce of six years. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States.
Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army. See one of our recent Ireland101 Tribe Gatherings. 478 BCE - 454 BCE The treasury of the Delian League is kept on Delos until its removal to Athens . Corrections? The end came in 405 when the Athenian navy was destroyed at Aegospotami by the Spartan fleet under Lysander, who had received much aid from the Persians. By 411 Athens itself was in political turmoil.
Sparta is 225km from Athens.
Updates? It is a rather new city, it was established in 1834. Athens’ defeat was perhaps the worst casualty in a war that crippled Greek military strength, and thus the most culturally advanced Greek state was brought into final eclipse. Sparta is located below the majestic tops of mount Taygetos and at the northern part of river Evrotas. Share 0 0 Peloponnese Diaspora around the world. It was a period in which diplomatic maneuvers gradually gave way to small-scale military operations as each city tried to win smaller states over to its side. Keep me informed about Peloponnese online & offline events. We have reviews of the best places to see in Sparta. The top attractions to visit in Sparta are: The best day trips from Sparta according to Tripadvisor travelers are: What are the most popular things to do in Sparta with kids? The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. But the revolt was headed off by the Athenians, who won control of the chief city, Mytilene. The uncertain peace was finally shattered when, in 415, the Athenians launched a massive assault against Sicily. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began. In a decisive battle at Amphipolis in 422, both Brasidas and the Athenian leader Cleon were killed. Sparta is among the most significant cities of southern Peloponnese. The first period lasted 10 years and began with the Spartans, under Archidamus II, leading an army into Attica, the region around Athens.
The fighting engulfed virtually the entire Greek world, and it was properly regarded by Thucydides, whose contemporary account of it is considered to be among the world’s finest works of history, as the most momentous war up to that time. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Peloponnesian-War, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Peloponnesian War, Ancient Origins - The Peloponnesian War: Intrigues and Conquests in Ancient Greece, Peloponnesian War - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Peloponnesian War - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Ancient Greek civilization: The Peloponnesian War. 2018 © Peloponnese.eu. Soon afterward the navy was also beaten, and the Athenians were utterly destroyed as they tried to retreat.
Peloponnese - Patras, Sparta, Olympia, Pylos, Kalamata. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in November. Even after gaining reinforcements in 413, the Athenian army was defeated again. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state.
Its urban planning is very good. Fighting ensued, and the Athenians then took steps that explicitly violated the Thirty Years’ Treaty. Within a few months, however, Pericles fell victim to a terrible plague that raged through the crowded city, killing a large part of its army as well as many civilians. On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down.