Presented annually in Brisbane, Australia, the Riverprize recognizes outstanding achievement in river management and innovations in science, technology, planning, policy and stakeholder partnerships. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Grand River valley was inhabited by the Iroquoian- speaking Attawandaron nation.

They are often located nearby one of its historically significant locations, and highlight some of the most important natural, cultural and recreational values of the river. The importance of the watershed (7000 square kilometers or 2600 square miles) has been recognized by the designation of the Grand as a Canadian Heritage River.

The Grand River flows 300 km through southwestern Ontario from the highlands of Dufferin County to Port Maitland on Lake Erie and is populated by millions of people. [10] Simcoe failed because the name Grand River had been in common usage for some time by then.[11]. It appears you are trying to access this site using an outdated browser. Hamilton is a city like no other in the region. Warfare throughout the frontier of the Mohawk Valley had resulted in massacres and atrocities on both sides, aggravating anti-Iroquois feelings among the colonists. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. While being called lazy might be considered offensive to some, the Grand River doesn’t seem to mind. Scare up some fun in Hamilton Halton Brant! Close to 250 species of birds have been reported at Luther Marsh Wildlife Management Area. Grand Experiences Outdoor Adventure Company. Although the river is not designated for its natural values, it provides habitat to thousands of species of birds, fish, animals and other wildlife including about 80 species at risk. Loyalists from New York, New England and the South were settled in this area, as the Crown hoped they would create new towns and farms on the frontier.

[9] The Six Nations reserve south of Brantford, Ontario is what remains of the Haldimand Tract. Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. Though the Six Nations (by then including the Tuscarora) held the territory by right of conquest, they did not settle it, apart from a limited presence on the northern and western shores of Lake Ontario.

While being called lazy might be considered offensive to some, the Grand River doesn’t seem to mind. "[13] Much of this land was later sold or otherwise lost to the Six Nations. Caught in between, the Neutrals paid dearly for their refusal to ally. Over 800 archeological sites tell the story of 11,000 years of human history within the Grand watershed.

[citation needed] In 1674 identifiable groups of Neutrals were recorded among its population. A number of conservation areas have been established along the river, and are managed by the Grand River Conservation Authority. The dam, completed in 1942, is commonly referred to as Shand Dam, named for a local family who were displaced by filling of the dam's reservoir, Lake Belwood. It was later renamed as Ouse River by John Graves Simcoe for the River Great Ouse near his childhood home in Lincolnshire on the east coast of England. of Grand River Ten-Year Report 2004 – 2014, Managing the Grand as A Canadian Heritage River. The Wyandot, another distinct Iroquoian-speaking nation, who resided northeast of the Grand River valley, had long competed to remain independent of their enemy the Iroquois Confederacy, a powerful alliance of five nations based around the Great Lakes in the present central and western New York state area.

Luther Marsh, a 52-square-kilometre wetland on the upper Grand, is one of the largest inland wetlands in southern Ontario and provides habitat for waterfowl, including least bittern and black tern, and amphibians. Because the watershed is an ecosystem with natural borders, it includes and crosses many municipal boundaries and can be considered a transitional area between Southwestern Ontario and the Golden Horseshoe region that surrounds the west end of Lake Ontario. Starting point at 113 Grand River St. North, Paris, at 10:00 am Canoe - regular $/person $89.95 Kayak - regular $/person $99.95 Kayak - SALE $/person $71.96 Canoe - SALE $/person $63.96 All prices plus HST, 115 Grand River Street North, Paris, ON, N3L 2M4. When Europeans arrived, the Neutral people controlled the territory of the Grand. Canada’s first dam called the Shand Dam was constructed on the Grand River in Fergus in 1942. After the war, Six Nations leader Joseph Brant appealed to the British Crown for help, as they had promised aid for allies. The Jesuits abandoned the mission after many Wyandot and numerous priests were killed here.

Each Heritage River Story Map displays various visual representations of geospatial data in combination with text, photos, videos and external links. The d’Anville map of 1755 shows the river Tinaatuoa but adds the words Grande River at its mouth. The river owes its size to the unusual fact that its source is relatively close to the Georgian Bay of Lake Huron, yet it flows southwards to Lake Erie, rather than westward to the closer Lake Huron or northward to Georgian Bay (most southern Ontario rivers flow into the nearest Great Lake, which is why most of them are small), thus giving it more distance to take in more water from tributaries. Because different nations were on different sides in this war, it was difficult for the Iroquois nations to adhere to the Great Law of Peace and avoid killing each other. The Grand River Forest is one of the few remaining Carolinian forests in Canada, containing species such as sycamore, sassafras, pignut hickory, and chinquapin oak. The Grand River Conservation Authority won the Thiess International Riverprize in 2000 for its outstanding management of this heritage river.

The anglicized form of the French name has remained in common use.

Adaptive reuse of historical structures like mills and factories along the river has helped to preserve the Grand’s built heritage in areas such as Elora, Fergus, Cambridge and Brantford and Paris. Per our updated privacy policy, we use cookies to track your browsing behaviour on our site and provide you with ads or other offers that may be relevant to you. Without consultation or giving the Iroquois a place in negotiations, the British ceded their land in New York to the new United States. When the French explorers and Coureurs de bois came to the region in search of fur and other items of value to Europeans, the Grand River Valley was among the last areas of southern Ontario to be explored. The Grand River Conservation Authority is responsible for the management of this heritage river. In later wars between Britain and France, the Caughnawaga people, many of whom had converted to Catholicism, were allies of the French. This grant was confirmed, and its conditions defined, by a patent under the Great Seal, issued by Lieutenant Governor Simcoe, and bearing date January 14, 1793...The original extent of the tract was 694,910 acres, but the greater part of this has been since surrendered to the Crown, in trust, to be sold for the benefit of these tribes. Stretching all the way from Niagara to Tobermory, the Bruce Trail is a four-season haven for hikers, cross-country skiers and snowshoeing enthusiasts. It also lies along the western fringe of the Greater Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario which overlaps the eastern portion of southwestern Ontario, sometimes referred to as Midwestern Ontario, along the length of this river. Get on the fast path towards a more joy-filled summer. An explorers' map in 1669 showed the River as being called the Tinaatuoa or Riviere Rapide.