Around 630 million years ago the Grenville mountains began to erode carrying sediments from streams to the sea. [23][24] The smallest of the islands is Jekyll Island in Glynn County.[25]. Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States in 1861, and shortly thereafter Georgia and other southern states withdrew from the Union and joined the Confederacy. The Piedmont is the second largest region of Georgia, and it has 3 water systems: the Chattahoochee River, West Point Lake, and Lake Sidney Lanier. [19] Lake Lanier is 26 miles (42 km) long and covers approximately 47 miles (76 km) of riverbed[20] Lake Oconee is 20 miles (32 km) long and about a mile wide. ranges which connect the Caucasus ranges across the The country covers an area of Most of the 536 cities in Georgia are governed by a mayor-council system. America's Civil War played-out across the south; at war's end Georgia was devastated and Savannah was in ruins and Atlanta burned right to the ground. Lake Lanier is the largest lake in Georgia[18] followed by Lake Oconee as the second largest. The gneiss formed from these sediments created the marble, metaconglomerate, phyllite, quartzite, schist, and slate found in the Blue Ridge and Piedmont areas. The Mtkvari or Kura is the longest river in the country The state's constitution was revised, one that gave all of the former slaves the right to vote.

The highest area in Georgia is Brasstown Bald which is 1,458 m (4,784 ft) above sea level, while the lowest is at sea level, at the Atlantic Ocean.

port and range from 1.5-2.3 meters below surface. All municipalities in the state are considered cities. The highest temperature ever recorded is 112 °F (44.4 °C) and the lowest is -17 °F (-27.2 °C).

From quiet rivers towns to the dizzying pace of Atlanta, and from the refined styles of sophisticated Savannah, south to the isolated barrier islands, there's really no destination quite like the "Peach Tree" state. The population expanded and Indian controlled lands were all but gone by the 1820's. [19] Other lakes in the state include Lake Acworth, Lake Allatoona, Lake Blackshear, Jackson Lake (Georgia), West Point Lake, High Falls, Lake Seminole, Lake Chatuge and Walter F. George Lake. The majority of Georgia has primarily a humid subtropical climate tempered somewhat by occasional polar air masses in the winter. Military installations were constructed, new factories built and Georgia cities grew quickly as people went back to work. Much of the land in the area is heavily forested as forests cover almost half of the region.[8]. All rights reserved. Georgia has almost eight million acres (32,000 km2) of prime farmland while over 60% of the land is made up of pine forests. The Georgian and Russian border is marked by the high Georgia is mint juleps, antebellum homes, covered bridges and a friendly, welcoming place, one rich in southern history and a wide assortment of amazing sites to visit and enjoy. Eli Whitney's cotton gin invention propelled cotton production into one of Georgia's most significant industries. The boundary between the Piedmont Region and the Coastal Plain Region is the Fall Line. Regional Directory of EuropeInformation and guide about Europe and websites with European topics. With its resources and geographic position, Georgia quickly developed into a regional center of commerce. The oldest known rocks found in Georgia are from the Precambrian Proterozoic Era and are about 1 to 1.34 billion years old. [9] The primary natural mineral resource in the area is kaolin.[10]. Georgia Topographic Map: This is a generalized topographic map of Georgia. English troops marched south and captured Savannah, and in short order they controlled most of Georgia. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Description: The physical map of Georgia showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. The Next 10 Countries: The World's Most Likely New Nations.

The Georgia Mountains Region are part of the Blue Ridge Mountains and begin in the northeast corner of Georgia. The Lesser Caucasus Mountains The Coastal Plain region is the largest and includes portions of the Atlantic coastal plain and the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Plain. [30] [16] The river begins in the Blue Ridge Mountains just below Brasstown Bald and ends at Lake Seminole in the southwesternmost corner of Georgia where it creates a boundary between Alabama and Florida.[17]. Growth was slow, but by the beginning of the 20th century, Georgia was on the road to economic recovery.

5201 meters whereas the lowest places lies near the Poti As it is on the Atlantic coast, Georgia is also vulnerable to hurricanes, although the Georgia coastline only rarely experiences a direct hurricane strike. From these orogeny came folding, faulting, and igneous intrusions in the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge, the Valley and Ridge and the Appalachian Plateau.[12]. Four of these islands are known as The Golden Isles. [8] Georgia's coastal plain is made up of sedimentary rock dating from the Late Cretaceous to Holocene periods. Key Features of Georgia Some key physical features of Georgia are the Fall Line, the Okefenokee Swamp, The Chattahoochee River, The Savannah River, barrier islands, and the Appalachian Mountains. 149 of the 159 counties in the state are governed by a committee made of between three and eleven commissioners[5] while the other 10 counties are overseen by a single commissioner. Temperatures over 100 degrees have been recorded. country. In 2006 and 2007, however, Georgia has had severe droughts, especially in 2007. [11] The Satilla River is in the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Political Map of GeorgiaPolitical map and map image of Georgia. Georgia has 500 cities in 159 counties with 13 congressional districts. The main geographical features include mountains such as the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians in the northwest, the Blue Ridge Mountains in the northeast, the Piedmont plateau in the central portion of the state and Coastal Plain in the south.