This chapter encapsulates the essential climate change challenges (in terms of conclusions and recommendations) of the agricultural environment in Egypt and presents insights derived from the cases in the volume. (2009). 8). The potential of adaptation activities in protected areas to provide win-win situations for strengthening environmental, economic and societal resilience on the local level must be capitalised. By Eugene N. Gurenko. Projects like HABIT-CHANGE can only start processes and initiate actions that need local institutions as drivers of change. IOSR J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 8(2):104–112, Yahav S (2009) Alleviating heat stress in domestic fowl: different strategies. Altered water regimes or other abiotic conditions are likely to change the character of habitats and ecosystems. Consideration of the scientific and technical aspects of climate insurance should also become a about impacts and vulnerabilities) without much guidance on how this data should be used within the decision-making process. Scientists have an important role to play in the development of adaptation strategies, but to facilitate effective implementation of adaptation actions local communities and decision-makers are essential. Baron, J., Gunderson, L., Allen, C. D., Fleishman, E., McKenzie, D., Meyerson, L. A., Oropeza, J., & Stephenson, N. (2009). Walker, B., Carpenter, S., Anderies, J., Abel, N., Cumming, G., Janssen, M., Lebel, L., Norberg, J., Peterson, G. D. & Pritchard, R. (2002). On the other hand much specific local expertise exists that should be captured (e.g.

breeding date) or their dependence on shifting food sources. For continuous remote sensing monitoring comparable data sources with a high revisit rate and an appropriate spatial and spectral resolution are required.

In summary, it can be said that a lot of effort is needed to generate this kind of scientific-based knowledge.

Most protected habitats can only be maintained through cooperation between protected area management and land users. 2) estimates changes for a possible future climate. HISTALP – Historical instrumental climatological surface time series of the Greater Alpine Region. Yegbemey RN, Yabi JA, Tovignan DS, Gantoli G, Kokoye SEH (2013) Farmers’ decisions to adapt to climate change under various property rights: a case study of maize farming in Northern Benin (West Africa). UNFCCC process, including the subsidiary bodies on science, technology and implementation, Monitoring programmes should cover regional and national levels and provide for centralised data management, so that biodiversity status and its responses to climate change can be identified. Panpeng J, Ahmad M (2017) Vulnerability of fishing communities from sea-level change: a study of Laemsing district in Chanthaburi Province, Thailand. Nevertheless, adaptation to climate change does not come free of charge. Part of Springer Nature. Remote sensing approaches require a highly site and context specific design to fit data, methods and indicators and derive useful results. Nat Clim Change 8(10):8.

On the other hand, models allow for an illustration of potential future developments, especially when using different scenarios, and thus support action and adaptation to impacts. A distinct trend for temperature rise is projected while a shift of precipitation from summer to winter becomes visible. 2006).

In-situ methods (like meteorological observations, soil moisture or water level sensor measurements, monitoring animal and plant populations) were applied to monitor specific aspects in the diverse investigation areas. Part 3: Drawing conclusions and recommendations Climate diplomacy: Drawing conclusions and recommendations Gebru Jember Endalew IIED’s Climate Change Group has been providing support to the Least Developed Countries (LDC) group at the UNFCCC since 2001. In: 5th international conference on water and flood management, pp 345–350. The science-based dialogue is not only targeted at stakeholders outside management. In the future, we might be confronted with the need to balance near-term goals for the protection of species and habitats with more long-term goals for sustaining ecological systems and functions that are more likely to persist under changed climate conditions (Glick et al. Conclusion.

Earth’s Future 2:383–406.