Brandt "Die mandäische Religion" 1889 pp. The high priest then laid his hands with the labels upon the two goats and said, "A sin-offering to Yahweh" (thus speaking the Tetragrammaton); and the two men accompanying him replied, "Blessed be the name of His glorious kingdom for ever and ever." He was not of those who prostrated. The significance of the act depends on the provenance of the Day of Atonement. (John 12:31 niv), The Mishnah (Yoma 39a[18]) follows the Hebrew Bible text; two goats were procured, similar in respect of appearance, height, cost, and time of selection. Early English Christian Bible versions follow the translation of the Septuagint and Latin Vulgate, which interpret azazel as "the goat that departs" (Greek tragos apopompaios, "goat sent out", Latin caper emissarius, "emissary goat"). Go, Azazel, into the untrodden parts of the earth. His eye was put out by the prophet Idris (or Enoch), who was a tailor. The modern English Standard Version provides the footnote "16:8 The meaning of Azazel is uncertain; possibly the name of a place or a demon, traditionally a scapegoat; also verses 10, 26".
And he said to him, "Shame on you, Azazel!

O Lord, forgive the iniquities, transgressions, and sins that I, my household, and Aaron's children, Thy holy people, committed before Thee, as is written in the law of Moses, Thy servant, 'for on this day He will forgive you, to cleanse you from all your sins before the Lord; ye shall be clean.'". Through you the all-evil spirit [was] a liar, and through you [come] wrath and trials on the generations of men who live impiously. The nominative satan (meaning "adversary" or "accuser"), and the Arabic shaitan, derives from a Northwest Semitic root šṭn, meaning "to be hostile", "to accuse". In Surat Al-'A`rāf 11-17 it is said: "And I have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Satan went around him and said, "[Adam] if you are given mastery over me, I will surely disobey you. Satan is primarily understood as an "accuser" or "adversary", and is not necessarily the personification of evil that he would become. (1957), 329; R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel (1961), 507-510; J. They never allow them to do a good action, but exert all their influence in causing them to sin. According to Arabian lore El-Harith was a young jinni taken prisoner by the angels and raised by them; he went on to become one of their chiefs. [24] There is no mention of an "Azazel". "We made the evil ones friends (only) to those without faith.". And if I am given mastery over you, I will destory you.

It is said his mother is called Um Alkor (ام الكور). 5, lxxxviii. "[16] Daniel Stökl also observes that "the punishment of the demon resembles the treatment of the goat in aspects of geography, action, time and purpose. Although not explained by the Quran itself, Muslim exegetes, such as Al-Kalbi and Al-Tha`labi,[28] usually linked the reason of their abode to a narration related to the Watchers known from 3 Enoch. Pages 1:536–37 in. ; compare Brandt, "Die mandäische Religion," 1889, p. 38, Enoch viii. Then I said to the angels, 'Prostrate to Adam'; so they prostrated, except for Iblis. He then fastened a scarlet woolen thread to the head of the goat "for Azazel"; and laying his hands upon it again, recited the following confession of sin and prayer for forgiveness: "O Lord, I have acted iniquitously, trespassed, sinned before Thee: I, my household, and the sons of Aaron Thy holy ones.